TIME-LAPSE POROSITY AND VELOCITY ANALYSIS USING ROCK PHYSICS MODELS IN NIGER DELTA, NIGERIA
Journal: Geological Behavior (GBR)
Author: Emmanuel Aniwetalu, Akudo Ernest, Juliet Ilechukwu, Okechukwu Ikegwuonu, Uzochukwu Omoja
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
The analysis of 3-D and time-lapse seismic data in Isomu Field has offered the dynamic characterization of the reservoir changes. The changes were analyzed using fluid substitution and seismic velocity models. The results of the initial porosity of the reservoirs was 29.50% with water saturation value of12%.The oil and gas maintained saturation values of 40% and 48% with average compressional and shear wave velocities of 2905m/s and 1634m/s respectfully. However, in fluid substitution modelling, the results reflect a change in fluid properties where average gas and oil saturation assume a new status of 34% and 24% which indicates a decrease by 14% and 16% respectively. The average water saturation increases by 30% with an average value of 42%. The decrease in hydrocarbon saturation and increase in formation water influence the porosity. Thus, porosity decreased by 4.16% which probably arose from the closure of the aspect ratio crack due to pressure increase.