Geological Behavior (GBR)
Our world is made of rock. Although much of the Earth’s surface is covered by vegetation, concrete or water, if one digs down far enough solid rock will always be found. Rocks are the foundations of the landscape and the origin of the soil. They even affect the weather. For example, the coastal mountains of the Tropics trap rain-laden clouds from the moist ocean breezes. Over the ages, rain erodes the rocks at an imperceptible rate creating the lofty crags, ridges, valleys, gorges and spectacular waterfalls which form the dramatic landscape. These eroded fragments Rock fragments accumulate on lower slopes to form a variety of soils which in turn support a range of forest types. Those who live in a landscape where rock outcrops are obvious will have wondered about the kind of rocks they are looking at and how they came to be where they are now. Geological Behavior (GBR) explains in simple terms what geology can tell us about the world. Many objects of great beauty and which excite our curiosity, such as crystals or fossils, are to be found by examining rocks.
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Guide for Authors
Submission of Manuscript (Paper)
The manuscript should be submitted using the “Online Submission” section in our Web site (www.zibelinepub.com) along with ‘copyright agreement and author responsibilities’. Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the online Manuscript Tracking System. Regardless of the source of the word-processing tool, only electronic Word (.doc, .docx) files can be submitted. There is no page limit. Only online submissions are accepted to facilitate rapid publication and minimize administrative costs. Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted. The submitting author takes responsibility for the paper during submission and peer review. If for some technical reason submission through the online submission is not possible, the author can contact email@example.com If you have problems in online submission system, you can send articles by e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
After successful submission of manuscript, authors will receive Manuscript ID within one week for their submitted article and this id should be used for further communications.
Authors May Suggest Two Reviewers
Please provide the name, postal address, e-mail address, telephone and fax numbers, and fields of interest of suggested reviewers. Any technical queries will be referred back to the author, although the Editors reserve the right to make alterations in the text without altering the technical content. All enquiries concerning the publication of accepted papers should be addressed to email@example.com
Authors are responsible for their research work carried out, presentation and results expressed. Editor-in-Chief, Editors and Editorial Board does not claim any responsibility, liability of statements made and opinion expressed by authors. Editors do not necessarily agree with the views expressed in the matter published herein.
The manuscript of a research article should be arranged as follows:
- Title Page
- Abstract and Keywords (optional: graphical abstracts & highlights)
- Material & Methods
- Results & Discussion (both can be given as separate headings)
- Unknown Mechanism (For Bad Science Journal only)
The manuscripts must be double-spaced typed, written in clear, grammatical English with no typographical errors.
Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible. Author names and affiliations. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author’s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication.
A concise and factual abstract is required (200-300 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to the reference list. Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
Graphical Abstract (Optional)
Although a graphical abstract is optional, its use is encouraged as it draws more attention to the online article. The graphical abstract should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership. Image size: Please provide an image with a minimum of 531 × 1328 pixels (h × w) or proportionally more. The image should be readable at a size of 5 × 13 cm using a regular screen resolution of 96 dpi. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files.
Highlights are also optional. They consist of a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article and should be submitted in a separate page in the manuscript. Please use ‘Highlights’ as the title and include 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point).
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, “and”, “of”). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
Subdivision – Numbered Sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, …), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to ‘the text’. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Material & Methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. What is the material or equipment used to conduct the study. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.
Results & Discussion
Results should be clear and concise. This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).
Nomenclature and Units
Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other quantities are mentioned, give their equivalent in SI. You are urged to consult the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) http://www.iupac.org and International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) http://iupap.org/ for further information.
Figures and Other Illustrations
Upon submission of an article, authors are informed to include all figures and tables within the text of the manuscript. In addition to that Figures should be submitted in separate zip files containing all figures. All figures should be cited in the paper in a consecutive order. Figures should be supplied in either vector art formats (Illustrator, EPS, WMF, FreeHand, CorelDraw, PowerPoint, Excel, etc.) or bitmap formats (Photoshop, TIFF, GIF, JPEG, etc.). Bitmap images should be of 300 dpi resolution at least unless the resolution is intentionally set to a lower level for scientific reasons. If a bitmap image has labels, the image and labels should be embedded in separate layers.
Tables should be cited consecutively in the text. Every table must have a descriptive title and if numerical measurements are given, the units should be included in the column heading.
Manuscripts must contain at least 10 references. The references must cite recent and relevant research only. At least half (50%) of the references should be published within the last 5 years.
Citation in Text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list.
Text : Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given. Example: ‘….. similarly derived [5,8]. Fleming and Carlos  explained this theory as ….’ List : Number the references (numbers in square brackets) in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.
- Reference to a Journal Publication:
 D. Wang, Y. B. Fu, M. A. Ashraf, Artifacts reduction in strain maps of tagged magnetic resonance imaging using harmonic phase, Open Med. 10 (2015), 425–433 DOI: 10.1515/med-2015-0074
- Reference to a Book:
 M. Hosseini, M. A. Ashraf, Application of the SWAT Model for Water Components Separation in Iran, first ed., Springer, Japan, 2015
- Reference to a Book Chapter:
 M. A. Ashraf, S. Batool, M. Ahmad, M. Sarfraz, W. S. Aqma , Biopolymers as biofilters and biobarriers, in: P. Torgal, I. Karak, J. Jonkers (Eds.), Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials, Elsevier Woodhead Publishing, India. 2016, pp. 401-424.
- Web References:
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.
Journal Abbreviations Source
Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations:
Ensure that the following items are present:
- One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
- E-mail address
- Full postal address
- Phone numbers
- All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:
- All figure captions
- All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
- Further considerations
- Manuscript has been ‘spell-checked’ and ‘grammar-checked’
- References are in the correct format for this journal
- All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
Manuscripts not adhering to the journal guidelines will be returned to authors without scientific evaluation. Submitted manuscripts adhering to journal guidelines are reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief or an Associate Editor, who will assign them to reviewers. The Editorial Board will prepare a decision letter according to the comments of the reviewers, which will be sent to the corresponding author.
We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. PDF version of proof will be sent to corresponding author. Corrected proofs must be returned to the publisher within 48 hours of receipt. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility. Before the accepted paper is published we will intimate the processing fees in the acceptance letter.
Open Access authors retain the copyrights of their papers, and all open access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.
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